According to the U.S constitution, the U.S courts act on cases based on the jurisdiction granted. However, different states have predetermined procedures to file certain lawsuits contrary to the top-level courts. For example, courts of civil cases vary in the standard of proof, stages of a civil case, and the type of civil case filed. Types of cases can be classified into three categories.
Civil cases revolve around conflicts between persons or institutions and the expected compensation mainly being money. The case could be monetary-based, physical, or psychological hurt on the plaintiff, accuser.
Civil cases can be classified depending on the breach claims and the circumstances under which the breach happens. Civil cases include;
Tort cases revolve around acts mostly torturous that result in an individual’s injury or damage of property. Torts can be intentional or out of negligence. They revolve around injuries where an injury may be physical, economic, reputational, or emotional. Medical malpractices are classified under torts.
Torts can also be violations related to one’s property, privacy, or constitutional rights. Compensation is usually monetary. The awarded amount should reinstate the plaintiff to their original position before the tort occurred.
Before you sue your landlord, ensure you have sufficient evidence and that the amount in question is worth it. This is one of the most tedious cases as most landlords are highly protected by the law.
Most landlord and tenant cases involve suing the landlord for forceful eviction or failure to pay back the security deposit. You have a right to be compensated if you suffered any damage or loss, or you were significantly inconvenienced. You have up to six years to claim this kind of compensation.
In cases where the landlord is liable and has legally sold your belongings, you may be compensated with all the money above the dues you owed them. If you are claiming damages, you need to have evidence that you acquired the items when they were new. If the items are damaged beyond repair, then the landlord should pay the full cost of replacement or replace the item itself.
Contract breach results from failure to abide by a contract agreement binding two parties. A contract can be oral or written, which is legally binding. Such cases include failure to deliver products, failure to pay on time, or failure to complete a job.
A monetary-based case could be based on damages caused by the defendant, which could be a person or a company leading to a loss in the business. An accident or physical damage case is mostly experienced between individuals or between an individual and a company. The damages caused can be compensated in monetary form to ensure the satisfaction of the plaintiff.
However, such cases can be resolved outside the court to avoid the costs and inconveniences associated with the legal process. If the parties move to court, the jury acts based on evidence provided to determine the case.
Criminal cases involve the laws of the state and the public. If individuals fail to abide by the state’s laws, they risk punishment in fines, imprisonment, or community service. There is no possible compensation to the individuals in these cases unless based on a civil lawsuit case.
Overall, different types of cases earn different compensations depending on the extent of damage caused. However, it would be best if you had legal advice to determine the exact compensation you can earn for a specific lawsuit. For example, a tort case lawsuit can earn a bigger compensation than a landlord/tenant lawsuit. The extent of damage caused will determine the compensation to expect.
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